Scenes of some of Hong Kong's famous attractions.
Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of
China (PRC). It is located on the southeastern coast of China. It Hong
Kong consists of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and the New Territories. The Kowloon Peninsula is attached to the New Territories in the north, and the New Territories are in turn connected to mainland China across the Sham Chun River (Shenzhen River). In total, Hong Kong has 236 islands in the South China Sea, of which Lantau is the largest. Hong Kong Island itself is the second largest and also the most populated. Ap Lei Chau is the most densely populated island in the world.
The name "Hong Kong", literally meaning "fragrant harbour", is derived from the area around present-day Aberdeen and Wong Chuk Hang on Hong Kong Island, where fragrant trees were once abundant and exported from.
The body of water between Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula is Victoria Harbour, one of the deepest maritime ports in the world. The landscape of Hong Kong is fairly hilly to mountainous with steep slopes. The highest point in the territory is Tai Mo Shan, at a height of 958 meters. Lowlands exist in the northwestern part of the New Territories.
Hong Kong is 60 km to the east of Macau on the opposite side of the Pearl River estuary.
Hong Kong has a land border with the Chinese city of Shenzhen to the north. Of the territory's 1,102 kmē, only less than 25 percent is developed. The remaining land has been reserved as country parks and nature reserves.
Hong Kong's climate is subtropical and prone to monsoons. It is cool and dry in the wintertime which lasts from around January to March, and is hot and rainy from spring through summer. It is warm, sunny, and dry in autumn. Hong Kong occasionally has typhoons. The ecology of Hong Kong is mostly affected by the results of climatic changes. Hong Kong's climate is seasonal due to alternating wind direction between winter and summer. Hong Kong has been geologically stable for millions of years. However, flora and fauna in Hong Kong are altered by climatic change, sea level alternation and human impact. The highest recorded temperature in Hong Kong is 40 degrees Celsius while the lowest recorded temperature is 0 degrees. The average temperature in the coldest month, February, is 16 degrees while the average temperature in the hottest month, July, is 28 degrees.
Hong Kong's climate is subtropical but half of the year is temperate. The territory is situated south of the Tropic of Cancer which is
equitable to Hawaii in latitude. In winter, strong and cold winds generate from the north and cool the city; in the summer, the wind's direction reverses and brings the warm and humid air in from the south. This climate can support a tropical rainforest.
Hong Kong is often described as a city where East meets West. This is
reflected in all aspects of the culture, but especially in its shopping,
nightlife, and dining.
A popular destination for shoppers from around the world, Hong Kong has
everything to offer from the latest European fashion to traditional
Chinese wares. Malls, department stores, and designer boutiques offer an
amazing contrast to the bustling open-air Stanley Market and Jade Market
shopping areas. Every district in Hong Kong has old-fashioned stores
that sell Chinese herbal medicine. The largest concentration of these
shops is along Bonham Strand and Bonham Strand West in Sheung Wan, where
all types of pills, plants, and dried animals are for sale.
Hong Kong has an active nightlife centered around two major
entertainment districts, Lan Kwai Fong (Central) and Wanchai. Both areas
are frequented by expats and locals alike. For a more quiet evening, a
trip to Victoria Peak offers a spectacular view of the city. There is
also a promenade along the Tsim Sha Tsui waterfront, which is popular
among young Chinese couples. Shopping, a form of entertainment for the
people of Hong Kong, is even done at nightime as evident in the Temple
Street Night Market.
The city's cosmopolitan flavor can also be seen in the wide variety of
cuisines available. While different varieties of Chinese selections,
especially seafood, are most popular, there also many European,
American, Japanese, Korean, and other restaurants. Ethnical dishes
served in cha chaan teng and dai pai dong are also popular. The people
of Hong Kong take their food seriously and many top chefs make their way
to the city to show off their talents to these discriminating diners.
The world famous Hong Kong International Dragonboat Festival, now known
as the Circus Capital Stanley Dragon Boat Championships, is a
celebration of community that is televised globally.